Rhyme and Iambic Pentameter
Rhyme and Iambic
[영미시] 메터(POETIC METER), 그리고 아이엠빅 펜타메터(IAMBIC
[영미시] 라임(RHYME), 각운 (http://theuranus.tistory.com/2171)
In a line of poetry, an iamb is a foot or beat consisting of
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, or a short syllable
followed by a long syllable, according to FreeDictionary.com. An example is the
word comPLETE. Interestingly enough, the iamb sounds a little like a heartbeat.
FreeDictionary.com defines pentameter as a line of verse
consisting of five metrical feet. When put together, iambic pentameter may be
defined as a line of verse consisting of five metrical feet where each foot
consists of an unstressed syllable and a stressed syllable.
Notice that the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
in bold does not necessarily correspond to the number of words used. One must
always listen for that heartbeat pattern 'du-DUH, du-DUH.' The unstressed
syllable may start in one word and the stressed syllable may follow in a
completely different word.
Also, we don't read lines of iambic pentameter in an
unstressed/stressed pattern of vocal inflection. The line would sound very
different if we read it that way, almost like an exaggerated Count Dracula
saying, 'I've COME to DRINK your BLOOD.' Try reading the first line of Sonnet
18 with an exaggerated sense of unstressed and stressed syllables. It would
look and sound like this: Shall I comPARE thee TO a SUMmer's DAY?
That is not what Shakespeare intended, as is readily evident.
It sounds funny when it is read that way. The genius is in the crafting of such
lines, using this poetic device so that they flow almost unsuspectingly along
with iambic pentameter. The reader is hardly aware of the iambic pentameter but
is absorbed in the meaning of the lines, which is as it should be.